Hi guys! Shout-out to all you GH'ers who have been visiting and supporting this blog. If this is your first time coming across JSaysOnline.com, welcome :) As many ABC General Hospital viewers know, Fan Club Weekend is hosted annually in LA. I unfortunately have never attended because I don't have the dough for travel. This year's festivities fall on my birthday; I must make it to the promised land this time. With your donation via GoFundMe towards trip expenses, what's been a disappointingly yearly impossibility for me will finally be in reach. Any amount offered would be greatly appreciated. Just follow this link: http://www.gofundme.com/oi2rm8. Thank you in advance for your kidneys. Oops, I mean kindness :)
Thoughts & observations of Port Charles happenings.
Patrick, Sabrina & Baby Gabriel
On 5/27, I was really confused as to why Sabrina (Teresa Castillo) would give her son, Gabriel, her last name instead of Patrick’s and how Patrick didn’t flinch at this, but baby names would be the least of my ‘Patrina’ concerns as their story developed over the month. For 6 WEEKS, Gabriel was in NICU, being prematurely born after a hit-and-run car accident on 4/24 (current suspects are Luke and Rafe). We saw all of these gentle moments; everyone connected to Sabrina and Patrick had their hearts invested and just when it seemed like we’d finally see the child recover, he died. Ay, yi. In the DEC 2013/JAN 2014 edition of “LIPC” , I argued that Sabrina shouldn’t have been pregnant in the first place, but since she was and Castillo soon had to go on maternity leave, I suggested that, at a speedy pace, Sabrina miscarry and maybe go into a depression and want to leave town for a while. I made this suggestion with the assumption that Sabrina’s child would be used as a tool to keep the impossible love triangle with Robin going. Once it seemed that wasn’t the case thankfully, I was more open to the idea of a Patrina baby as the writers put some cards on the table to improve the situation and make it convenient. Sabrina gradually toughened up, detached from Patrick and became Carlos’ savior, setting the stage for a Patrick-independent storyline and at last, some sort of joy. Maybe this baby would actually be more about her than him (especially when the writers played with Carlos being the father; I’d love for Jeffery Vincent Parise to get more camera time). Castillo’s exit was set as Carlos worried Ava made good on her threat to harm Sabrina: she could’ve been forced into police protective custody, which would’ve driven Patrick (Jason Thompson) insane.
Oddly, the writers blew all their cards away; why I’m surprised, I don’t know. Sabrina gave birth, briefly lost touch with reality after watching Gabriel die and went back to Puerto Rico with Juan to regroup. I’m sure the rationale for this was the tragic drama and Patrick having another reason to resent Robin because she wasn’t there to support him (actress Kimberly McCullough isn’t currently on the series). Was there no other way to keep the emotions high? Killing Gabriel felt like a cheap stunt. The 6 weeks had no payoff, coming off like filler until Castillo’s exit date and a possible longer-term storyline (and a new character for the next generation) was relinquished for temporary commotion. You might ask: well, what about Patrick and the vehicular homicide charge? That’s not temporary? Patrick has enough cause to be angry with Robin; that fire isn’t in desperate need of gas at all. As for the “Who done it?” part of the story, that would still be there and the culprit would still face serious charges worthy of a soap courtroom. Yes, the grieving and funeral scenes were powerful (I was in tears multiple times; Castillo and Thompson did great work), but I still question the necessity of the death and debate which outcome would be more lastingly useful. Last month, I expressed my surprise that this new (circa 2012) writing team would kill A.J. Quartermaine, knowing that Quartermaine deaths were the most complained about story facet of the 2000’s. Child deaths are also on the list, most notably Jake Spencer (the son of Elizabeth Webber and Jason Morgan, adopted by Lucky Spencer) in 2011. I’m not sure what they’re thinking about, especially after being on a baby-boom roll.
Sam, Silas & Nina
On 6/3, Silas (Michael Easton) went to Danny Morgan’s birthday party and was surprised to find his wife, Nina (Michelle Stafford), who he thought died after being in a 20-year coma. At first, his current girlfriend Sam (Kelly Monaco) was gracious, seemed to understand the gravity of the situation and tried to conceal their relationship so Silas could have a moment to get Nina settled and wrap his head around the revelation. Prior to Nina being hospitalized, Silas had an affair with Ava Jerome. Nina resolved to work on their marriage and was soon pregnant. Around the same time, she was supposed to inherit assets from her father’s will. Her mother, Madeline, didn’t want Silas around and tried to drug Nina to induce a miscarriage. The baby died, but Nina unexpectedly went into a coma. Silas didn’t know Nina was pregnant until recently. Nina woke up decades later, learning what her mother did and that Silas had a child with Ava, who now lives with him and his nephew Rafe. She has no money (so she says), requires around-the-clock rehabilitation care (not true, but we’ll get to that) and has next to nowhere to go. Kind of a big deal, right? Not really, says Samantha!
By Rudy Foster, Contributing writer
Doing the most and the least.
PART I: Storytelling
If you’ve found this article, you probably know that General Hospital is celebrating its 50th year on ABC. GH is the longest-running American soap-opera on the air and the 3rd longest-running drama in television history. By any standard, producing nearly 12,900 episodes is a remarkable achievement. A stretch this far is dependent upon the progression of storylines. This is why daytime soap-operas have large, ever-changing casts, and as of late, ever-changing creative teams. GH’s executive producer Frank Valentini and head-writer Ron Carlivati, formerly of the recently-revived One Life to Live, were long heralded as daytime’s wunderkinder. The work this team did with the ratings-challenged, critically-lauded OLTL represented the fearless storytelling that sets daytime drama series apart from any other media. At OLTL, Valentini and Carlivati (referred to by fans as CarTini, for short) crafted an emotionally-driven soap about a small town inhabited by the privileged, using the most ethnically and age diverse cast ever seen on American daytime television. Alas, OLTL was cancelled, and you probably know the rest of the story. In short, CarTini (daytime’s wunderkinder, I remind you) were eventually hired to shepherd ABC’s flagship daytime program, the reason you are here, our beloved GH.
When CarTini came to GH, the show had its own set of problems. Ratings were fine, but they weren’t great (no one’s ratings were great, compared to soap numbers in the 80’s or 90’s, for that matter). The biggest problem was that GH’s ratings weren’t high enough to justify the exorbitant budget Jill Farren Phelps (executive producer from 2001-2012) demanded to run the show. Moreover, the show was rarely produced within the parameters dictated by the budget. Valentini, on the other hand, was notorious in the daytime community for being, shall we say, cost efficient. The decision to hire CarTini was simple: bring in an exciting (relatively) young head writer and an executive producer who knows how to cut costs without sacrificing the quality of the product. If you watch GH, especially if you have been watching for years or decades, you know by now that something went terribly wrong with this regime change. Here’s what: in the buildup to the 50th Anniversary episodes, the storytelling became lazy and unfocused.
Let’s start with the biggest changes made in GH’s CarTini era so far: the vets! In all honesty, I was not even alive when many of these characters were popular, but for classic fans and new fans alike, it’s certainly interesting to learn more about the long history of the show. Seeing legendary soap actors like Genie Francis, Finola Hughes, Lynn Herring and Kristina Wagner (to name just a few) reprising the roles that made them famous is a treat for any viewer. The problem is what to do next. Valentini cut production costs so that the show could afford to bring these fan favorites back to Port Charles. Carlivati, on the other hand, allowed these returning characters to completely derail storytelling. Our leading characters were now lucky to get 3 days on screen a week because we are focusing on the half-assed rehashing of stories that ended in the 80’s. Even less ancient veterans, like Daytime Emmy Award winner Tyler Christopher, have come back full-time for no reason. I have never been crazy about Nikolas as a character, but Christopher is a talented actor and if he’s back at GH, he needs a solid front-burner storyline. It’s great for GH and the fans that he’s willing and able to come back, but Carlivati’s got nothing for him to do. What enables a soap-opera to run for so long is that the storylines must always be looking forward. Even if stories alter the events of the past, the focus must be on how the altering of the past affects the present and the future.
In its current state, GH is more focused on reliving the past than creating for the future. One of the most glaring examples of this is the heavy-handed attempt at giving Patrick (Jason Thompson) another love interest. Jason Thompson is an extraordinarily gifted (and three-time Daytime Emmy-nominated) actor, so he’ll sell whatever he is given. I’ll even give credit to Teresa Castillo and Kelly Thiebaud for playing what they can with Sabrina and Britt, respectively. Britt was never given a chance to properly vie for Patrick’s heart, and pairing Patrick with Sabrina was a little too easy. This was supposed to be a love triangle, but the writing so blatantly favored one pairing over the other. Yes, Britt is a Britch (all the insulting nick-names created for her were so fun), but there is such a thing as a bitch you can root for, like Carly (Laura Wright), for example. Regardless, the entire exercise was futile; Patrick’s great love, Robin, is alive. We, the audience, have known that for well over a year. If Kimberly McCullough, who had portrayed Dr. Robin Scorpio from childhood, was not ready to come back in a full capacity, the show should’ve temporarily re-casted or not have the character on until McCullough was ready. Watching Patrick pretend to make a choice between the unevenly written Sabrina and Britt was the most and the least; it was an impossible love story. They got tons of screen time, but it does not matter because Robin will come back and Patrick will still love her.
Stories that could bring the heavy drama (and Emmys) that made GH the most popular soap-opera of all-time, like the buildup to Connie’s murder, have been written in a nonchalant, quiet and subtle style. Sam’s (Kelly Monaco) son and only link to her great love had cancer, but it never felt heavy. No one, except Morgan (Bryan Craig), is disgusted by Kiki & Michael (Kristen Alderson, Chad Duell), even if they aren’t cousins. Left and right, we’re dealing with massive paternity reveals and murders, but it’s all being done in such a matter of fact way more appropriate for a primetime series on FX. I wish the writers were doing the work to give these plot-lines the punch they should have. The scenarios presented are wrought with emotion, but they’re written very straightforward; informational even. This a 50-year old soap-opera on broadcast network television: you need writing and performances to push it over the edge and we’re not getting that. The recent critical and ratings successes of soaps like Days of our Lives and The Bold and the Beautiful, stem from writers and producers knowing what their show is. Days is the small-town, big values, middle America soap. B&B is flashy, trashy and decadent. CarTini seem to have no clue. All at once, GH is an adventure soap (Luke and his bevy of ladies from the 80’s), a medical soap (Sam’s search for a bone marrow donor for Danny) and a business soap (the EMBARRASING year-long saga that was the battle for ELQ). It’s a tall order, but it is doable; a head writer and his team must focus first, and maybe, just maybe, that means cutting some folks.
PART II: The Next Generation is coming soon!
...Because everyone spills their guts, literally & figuratively, at Pier 52.
I planned on doing a “Pier 52” with my commentary on some postings from GHsecrets.tumblr.com about JaSam (the coupling of Jason Morgan & Samantha McCall), but now that SiAm (Dr. Silas Clay & Sam) has been initiated (they kissed on 9/5), I decided that in addition to my original idea, I’d give my thoughts on the new pairing & the writing of Sam’s post-Jason life (if some portions of this article look familiar, it’s because I pulled some lines I thought were important from previous pieces where I mentioned Sam’s storyline). As a Sam fan, I’m only partially happy with what I’ve been seeing currently. 2013 has been the year of familial bonds and friendships for Sam McCall-Morgan (portrayed by Kelly Monaco) as she’s been coping with the loss of her husband (Jason), gained an adoptive son (Rafe Kovich), faced the man who’s tormented her (Franco) and watched her infant son (Danny) battle cancer. As if things couldn’t be any tenser, she doesn’t know that her biological father is mobster Julian Jerome, who’s planning to take-over the territory of Sonny Corinthos, a dear friend of hers, and that her potential new love is linked to his sister, Ava. I love that family is now at the center of Sam’s arch and that her father is a part of “General Hospital” history, but there’s a massive elephant in the room that the writers have momentously neglected to thoroughly address and that elephant is Jason.
Yes, we saw Sam be in denial, shed a few tears and feverishly hunt for her husband, but there was so much surrounding Jason’s death, from how he died to the aftermath, that was not worthy of a 20-year veteran character and a decade long romance. Doing justice and paying respect to the magnitude of Jason & Sam’s union is going to be elemental in creating a “moving forward” trajectory that key viewers (i.e. the core fan-base, which in Sam’s case, are mostly JaSammers) will be content with and want to watch. Constantly in a place of individual emotional isolation and internalized pain, Jason and Sam understood each other (it never seemed right to me that Carly would sometimes get Jason right before Sam did). The gun-toting, butt-kicking and motorcycle riding JaSam were an outlawed version of Anna and Duke, to a degree, and were a major super-couple in the 2000's. As Ryan White-Nobles of TVSourceMagazine.com tweeted, “People come into your life for a season, a reason and a lifetime. Jason is Sam’s lifetime.” Unlike most characters, all of Sam’s other romantic connections were superficially based (she was a con-artist in her beginnings). Jason (Steve Burton) was the only person whom she found a place and a sense of belonging.
Turmoil is part of super-couple territory, but it seemed to find JaSam at an alarming rate. Most soap-lovers get married, divorced, remarried and have a couple of kids; JaSam could never quite get there. Then, in 2011, fans thought they were finally going to have their way when Sam and Jason wed, but it wasn’t a month before the honeymoon was literally over. Franco (then played by James Franco) kidnapped Jason and made him watch as he led Jason to believe he raped Sam (it was later re-written that Sam wasn’t raped and the scene was staged). When Sam turned up pregnant, a DVD left by Franco and a manipulated paternity test left the couple to conclude that Sam was having Franco’s child. Being that Sam had previous miscarriages, abortion or adoption wasn’t an option for her. The script had Jason rejecting the unborn child, becoming an insensitive butthole and leaving Sam to fend for herself. This series of events was a colossal mistake inherited by the upcoming writing team (“One Life to Live’s” Ron Carlivati became head-writer in 2012) that would cause a whole domino effect of mistakes. JaSam’s problems were exacerbated by Sam’s bubbling feelings for John McBain (an OLTL carry-on), who would help deliver her son. Another crazy string of events resulted in other OLTL carry-ons raising Sam’s son while she thought he was dead and she and Jason remained estranged. Feeling guilty, Jason teamed up with his rival, McBain (Michael Easton), to find the truth about Sam’s son and bring him home. Eventually, Jason asked for Sam’s forgiveness and embraced Danny. Viewers got just a glimpse of the Morgan family reunion and JaSammer jubilance was again short-lived. As crafty of a hit-man Jason was, he was unsuspectingly shot in the back by Cesar Faison (disguised as Duke Lavery) and kicked over into the harbor like a dog. Although his body being in the harbor and never found by police left an opportunity for the character to resurface at least, Jason’s exit was harsh and hurried. It was like being in a car where the driver suddenly slams on the brakes and you crash into a wall.
Bryan Craig as Morgan Corinthos (IMBD)
Thoughts and observations of Port Charles happenings.
It’s been a hell of a few weeks in Port Charles (the week of August 12th was kind of slow, but it was a refreshing break from Franco, Kiki, Morgan & Michael); this was the most gasp-causing, eyebrow-raising, “OMG!” worthy and entertaining material we’ve seen since the Nurses Ball. Let me break it down and give my two cents. I try to organize my storyline comments by character groups (ex. AJ & Tracy), but there was so much over-lap (a writing style that I kind of like), that I might have to individualize things slightly. Bear with me; I’ll try keep it organized enough to where you can find your favorite storyline ;)
Morgan & Sonny/Michael & Kiki
The Morgan vs. Michael war didn’t ignite the way I preferred (a love triangle vs. a dynasty war), therefore, Morgan’s eventual "you love Michael more than me & he's not even your biological son" speech to Sonny didn't happen the way I envisioned, but it came (7/30) and it was decent soap TV. Morgan (Bryan Craig) admitted to Sonny (Maurice Bernard) that he was rushing to marry Kiki (Kristen Alderson) because he knew that if she discovered her true paternity (Dr. Silas Clay is her father, which means she’s not a Quartermaine and related to Michael), she would make a bee-line to Michael (Chad Duell). Morgan asked Sonny to keep the secret, and when he refused, Morgan let loose and went in. Using every example he could, Morgan well-argued that Sonny & Carly were guilty of favoritism towards Michael and that it puzzled him because Michael isn’t Sonny’s child (by the way, ever notice how anytime Carly says “our son,” Sonny automatically thinks she’s talking about Michael?). Once Sonny went into his usual “I’m pissed off” shouting mode, Morgan backed down and apologized (I wouldn’t have done that, but ok).
Sonny of course refuted Morgan’s claims, but he gave the boy more proof when he said Michael deserved to know the truth and have a “fair fight” and chance at his brother’s girlfriend. What a way to be neutral, papa *shakes head* Encourage your sons to fuss over a girl, as long as Michael wins. Ironically, Carly (Laura Wright) was the only one who cared how this mess will affect Morgan. Everyone else in their circle, including Connie, was worried about poor little Mikey. It’s maddening to watch; does anyone care about this kid? I don’t agree with his choice to keep things from Kiki, but I can see why he’s so desperate. No one is in his corner and the one person he thought was his partner in crime wants to jump his brother’s bones. It broke my heart to hear Morgan beg Sonny to “for once put him first” and “let him have this.” I had all kinds of choice names in my head for Kiki in that same episode as she sweetly explained how she & Morgan had a mystical connection that only strengthened when they met in person and ended with “only until you [Michael].” Michael’s pimp-juice ain’t enough to bring on amnesia, honey; come on. I had hope for the chick when she seemed get her memory back after Morgan wined and dined her, put a ring on it (shout-out to Sonny’s Beyonce` reference) and they made love (8/6), but again, Michael’s mere presence stopped her in her tracks.
Morgan’s attempt to marry Kiki at the courthouse before she got word of her parentage (more on that in a few) was almost interrupted by Michael, who barged in, ready to spread the news and run off with her. Kiki got misty-eyed as she told Michael it was too late (she wasn’t even upset that Michael was more concerned about hooking up while she was in shock about her real father, ugh). Pissed he was tardy, Michael tried to flip it on Morgan and bust him for knowing in advance about Kiki’s father, but Morgan cleverly deflected. Michael is so self-righteous; it didn’t occur to him that he’s the reason Morgan took a low road. Michael could get Kiki without outing Morgan, but he tried to throw his brother under the bus for reinforcement anyway. Shame on you Michael, but that’s what happens when you listen to the king of brother-backstabbing, your biological father, AJ (Sean Kanan). If Michael doesn’t pay for this, Sonny & Carly won’t be the only ones guilty of Mikey-worship; the writers will too.
Kelly Thiebaud as Britt Westbourne
Thoughts and observations of Port Charles happenings.
Shawn & Alexis/Britt & Nikolas
Awhile back, someone tweeted either the writer (Ron Carlivati) or the producer (Frank Valentini) of “General Hospital” and complained that Alexis Davis & Shawn Butler’s (Nancy Lee Grahn, Sean Blakemore) romance wasn’t going anywhere. The reply was that it would be going somewhere really soon. I guess nowhere was considered “somewhere.” When Shawn declared his fervor for being a hit-man and refused to stop working for Sonny (Shawn makes a terrible Jason), Alexis broke it off. Once again, Alexis and Shawn lose a romantic counterpart. Fans seemed to really like the concept of them of as a couple, particularly seeing an older character (Davis should be around her 40’s or 50’s) have love scenes, but alas, they were pulled apart; likely to make Alexis available for Sam’s father when he appears (the rumor on the street is that “Days of Our Lives” star Peter Reckell has been recruited for the part). Alexis & Shawn’s breakup was written without much context and it was very rushed. Given that Shawn experienced a personal tragedy while being a soldier in Afghanistan, he shouldn’t even want to be near a gun, much less thrilled and invigorated by the idea of working for the mob. All of the sudden, mob gooning is his life’s passion? Huh? Where did this come from? If it does give him a sense of purpose, why? In my opinion, that was a hole in the writing. Excellently played scenes where Shawn called Alexis out on her hypocrisy (she not only had a child with Sonny, but has gotten him and his men off for murder several times) and gave her the ultimatum of dropping Sonny as a client were cut short. Alexis got away from Shawn’s challenge too easily and without having to answer for it. Shawn was made out to be the bad guy for “choosing” the mob over Alexis, but she didn’t try any harder to maintain the relationship. She has plenty of clients, but for some reason, wouldn’t let go of Sonny any quicker than Shawn. It was an opportunity for great dialogue and for the actors to show their chops, but it was passed over.
Meanwhile, Nikolas Cassadine and Britt Westbourne (Tyler Christopher, Kelly Thiebaud) keep having friendly, flirtatious chance meetings, leading the audience to assume they’ll be the next Port Charles couple. Who saw that coming? I didn’t. I’m kind of here for it. It’s so nice to see Nikolas have a chance to be the charming, well-mannered and fine prince he is. Although Britt is far from the golden-hearted Emily Quartermaine, if Nikolas is going to move on, I rather he do it with someone he didn’t betray his own brother for (i.e. Elizabeth Webber). On the note of Nikolas and Elizabeth (Rebecca Herbst), I’m sorry, but I loved it when Britt had Liz fuming with jealousy. The line about having buyer’s remorse over AJ? Ha! I hope the writers have exciting plans for this burgeoning match-up. Another great “Britch” moment was her recent confrontation with Sabrina where she makes the excellent point that it’s bitchy of Sabrina to keep at her, given she’s successfully with Patrick (Jason Thompson). I’m generally team Sabrina (Teresa Castillo), but Britt had her with that one. *Kanye shrug*
After hearing Elizabeth Webber tell AJ Quartermaine “there’s nothing to forgive” (week of July 1st) when she discovered he had sex with Carly Corinthos-Jacks, I just had to express my thoughts how the character is written. Given that Rebecca Herbst is a fantastic actress (she’s profoundly natural; her strength is that she can give a compelling and convincing performance without high dramatics) and her character is the product of GH royalty (the granddaughter of patriarch and matriarch Steve & Audrey Hardy), Elizabeth Webber should be a pronounced, never forgettable or dismissible force, but that’s arguably not the case. Somewhere around the year 2000, Liz gradually went from a must-watch figure to an impulsive lover and spineless victim who occasionally victimized others and said “did I do that?”
We all know that on soaps, love triangles are inevitable and unfortunately due to sexism, female characters are often reduced to self-degrading and obsessive antics in which they’ll be labeled “pathetic, “slut” or “whore,” while the males come off suave and irresistible. No female character (off the top of my head) has fallen to these lows and left without a single shred of dignity like Liz Webber. Liz impulsively falls in and out of love like a teenager, instantly smitten, blinded and neurotically fixated. Whether they deserve it or not, she treats each man like he’s the love of her life and will move heaven and earth-often to her detriment- to be with them. For example, Lucky Spencer was supposed to be her alpha and omega, but somehow, she needed Nikolas Cassadine (Tyler Christopher) so much, that she’d carry on an affair with her husband’s half-brother (not to mention Nikolas was married to her best friend, Emily Quartermaine, who died just two years before). Oh, and let’s not forget how she always secretly pined (daydream fantasies abundant) for Jason Morgan.
Despite the fact that Jason often treated her like a plan B side-chick, she was always willing drop everything and do anything to be with him. How high-school was the Floating Rib scene where Liz loudly lied to mislead Sam Morgan (Kelly Monaco) in thinking Jason wanted a divorce? I couldn’t believe the writers created that and followed it with a repulsively devious paternity test debacle. Until they thankfully redeemed her with an act of maturity and honesty (she told the truth and called a truce with Sam), she couldn’t have stooped any lower. In explaining her motivations, she painfully quivered that it was because she never got a real chance with Jason, yet, short months after he dies, she’s head-over-heels for his arch-nemesis brother AJ! All of her over-the-mooness makes one yell at the screen: “Do you know who you’re really in love with, girl?! Dang!” Her naiveté and loyalty to AJ (Sean Kanan) is particularly puzzling and despicable, not only because of the Jason connection, but because this man has practically called her a slut at least twice. Insecure about Nikolas re-entering Liz’s triangle, AJ condescendingly threw the former affair in her face when asked if he distrusted Nikolas or her more (the extra salt in the wound was that Liz confided in AJ with that information; AJ didn’t know about the affair). The second time was when Nikolas innocently answered Liz’s phone and when she got on the line, AJ aggressively said “How long did you wait? What, an hour, two hours?...It hasn’t even been a day since you broke things off with me and what now, you’re playing house with Nikolas?!,” hung up in her face and slept with Carly (Laura Wright). Ignoring AJ’s disrepute accusations, Liz heard him out and almost immediately gave him another chance. Even though AJ actually did what he falsely slut-shamed Liz for (getting with someone right after their breakup), she didn’t hold AJ’s tryst against him because they technically had split when it happened. Simply stomach turning.
Prior to starting this section all about GH, I wrote two features on the soap-opera. Click the photos below to check them out :)
Welcome to J.Eneral Hospital
Here's where I'll be pic-posting & dishing about my favorite soap opera, ABC's "General Hospital."
Note: Comments will be disabled on posts if discussion becomes hostile, off-topic or obscene.